119 | Twin Studies | Why We Do What We Do
What to Expect
In 2018, astronaut Scott Kelly went into space for a year while his identical twin brother stayed on earth. The purpose was to study genetic changes that occur by spending time in space. Twin studies have been a staple of psychological research since the late 1800s. But many people don’t know about the underlying philosophy of twin studies, how they have been used, and what we can learn from them. Turns out this research method is a lot less robust than it seems. Learn about what the “shared experience” hypothesis is and how it weakens the execution of psychological research and testing using twins.
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Links for Today:
https://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-30933718 (twins of Auschwitz story)
https://thesocietypages.org/socimages/2012/03/12/how-django-reinhardt-survived-world-war-ii/ (more about the the twins of Auschwitz)
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4919929/ (article outlining the philosophy of twin studies)
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/brief-history-twin-studies-180958281/ (history of twin studies)
https://academic.oup.com/ije/article/41/4/913/687150 (additional history of twin studies)
Hayes, S. C. (1998). Resisting biologism. The Behavior Therapist, 21, 95-97
https://g.co/kgs/3DKBY4 (the book The Genius in All of Us)
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The Why We Do What We Do Crew
Scott "Abraham" Miller | Host & Producer
Ryan O'Donnell (RYANO) | Co-host, Producer, & Social
Tyler Bessire | Videographer
Miranda Marie Drake | Contributing Member
Shane Spiker | Co-Host
Brittany Marie DiSanti | Researcher & Writer
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